Short Story

Definition Short story is a piece of prose fiction, requiring anything from half an hour to one or two hours in its perusal. It is a story which concentrates on a unique or single effect and one in which the totality of effect is the main objective. In the end the shape has shown itself…

Romance

What is Romance? Romance in verse were the works of fiction, or non-historical. Whatever else a romance maybe it is principally a form of entertainment. It may also be didactic but this is usually incidental. It contains the elements of fantasy, improbability, extravagance and naiveté. It also suggests the elements of love, adventure, the marvelous…

Tragicomedy

Definition Tragicomedy is a genre that blends aspects of both tragic and comic forms. Most frequently seen in dramatic literature, the term can describe either a tragic play which contains enough comic elements to lighten the general mood or a significant play with a cheerful ending. Tragicomedy, as its name implies, invokes the intended response…

Melodrama

Introduction Melodrama also called as “song drama”, contains the sensationalism and the extravagant emotional appeal which raises the emotions of the common audiences. The flourishing of melodrama in the 19th century produced a kind of naively sensational entertainment in which the main characters were excessively virtuous or exceptionally evil ( hence the luminously good hero…

Tragedy

Introduction Tragedy is also called as the “Goat Song”. It is also regarded as the most sublime form of drama in English literature. Tragic dramas utilize darker subjects, for example, disaster, agony and death. Protagonists often have a Hamartia (tragic flaw) which leads them to their downfall. The conclusion of tragic dramas is dreadful and leaves a message…

Comedy

Introduction Comedy is literary genre and a type of drama which is characterized by its humorous or satirical tone and its depiction of amusing people or incidents, in which the characters ultimately triumph over adversity. The conclusion of the comedy is jovial and cheerful. In other words, Comedy is a play which is light and…

Drama

Definition Drama is a specific mode of fiction, presented through dialogue and performance on stage rather than narration.  “Drama” is a Greek term which means “action”. It is one of the Literary genre which is the imitation of some action. It is usually performed in theatre, on radio or television. The writer of the drama…

Dramatic Monologue

Definition Dramatic Monologue is a kind of lyrical sonnet as a speech or narrative by an imagined individual, wherein the speaker incidentally uncovers parts of their character while depicting a specific circumstance or arrangement of occasions. Dramatic Monologue isn’t a component during a play, but a sort of lyric , that was perfected by Robert…

Elegy

Definition In classical literature an elegy was any poem composed of elegiac distichs also called elegiacs, and therefore the subjects were various: death, war, love and similar themes. The elegy was additionally utilized for the epitaphs and memorial verses, and there was a grieving strain in them. However, it’s only since the 16th century that…

Ode

Definition An ode is a lyric poem, usually of some length. The meaning of ‘ode’ is to sing or chant. The main feature is elaborate stanza-structure, a marked formality and stateliness in tone and style, lofty sentiments and thoughts. However, ode can be distinguished into two basic kinds: the public and the private. The public…

Sonnet

Definition The term derives from the Italian word sonetto which means a ‘little sound’ or ‘song’. Except for the curtal sonnet the ordinary sonnet consists of fourteen lines, usually in iambic pentameters with considerable variation in rhyme scheme. The earliest sonnets are attributed to Giacomo da Lentino (1215-33) of the Sicilian School. It may also…

Ballad

The word derives from the late Latin and Italian word ballare which means ‘to dance’. Fundamentally, a ballad is a song that tells a story and originally was a musical accompaniment to a dance. Ballad is a narrative poem of four line stanzas called as Quatrain and has the rhyming scheme ABAB. It was a…

Introduction To Poetry

Poetry is a comprehensive term which can be taken to cover ant kind of metrical composition. However, it is usually employed with reservations, and often in contra-distinction to verse. It can also be defined as: literature that evokes a concentrated imaginative awareness of experience or a specific emotional response through language chosen and arranged for its meaning, sound, and rhythm.…

Modernism

Modernism identifies the set of social developments that occurred in the late nineteenth and the early 20th century. They included improvements in engineering, workmanship, music, writing, and applied strategies. Modernism prospered somewhere in the range of 1860s and 1940s; ideally till 1945 when World War II finished. During that time, a great deal of significance…

Beat Generation

A group of American poets whose work became particularly popular in the late 1950s. The best known of these writers are Allen Ginsberg, Jack Kerouac, Gregory Corso and Lawrence Ferlinghetti. They are especially associated with San Francisco, U.S.A. Their ‘father figures’ were Kenneth Rexroth, Henry Miller and William Burroughs. The beat writers developed their own…

Realism

Realism is a movement in art, which started in the mid nineteenth century in France around 1840s, and later spread to the entire world. Realism entered literature at almost at the same time. Its real objective was to root out what is called fantastic and romantic in literature and art, to insert what is real. Realists rejected Romanticism, which had dominated French…

Naturalism

In the late 19th century, Naturalism emerged as a literary movement. Naturalism, in literary criticism is used in reference to the works which show a pronounced interest in, sympathy with and love of natural beauty (e.g. much of the poetry of Wordsworth). It ought to be utilized to depict works of writing, which utilize sensible techniques…

Victorian Era

The era of Queen Victoria’s reign (1837-1901). The period is sometimes dated from 1832 (the passage of the Reform Bill). This period is regarded as an era of intense and prolific activity in literature, especially by novelists and poets, philosophers, and essayists while dramatists of any note are few. This time is considered as the…

Romanticism

Introduction Romanticism was an artistic, literary, musical, and intellectual movement that originated in Europe towards the end of the 18th century, extending between the approximate period of 1780 and the end in 1837 when Queen Victoria was crowned. It was marked by a rejection of the ideals and rules of the Enlightenment and Neoclassicism and by…

Enlightenment Era

Introduction Enlightenment may be a term wont to describe a literary or philosophical movement in Europe between 1660 and 1770. In European country it’s generally referred because the ‘Age Of Reason’. the amount was characterized by a profound religion within the powers of human reason and a devotion to clarify the thought, to harmony, proportion…

The Renaissance

Renaissance: Fervent Period Of European Cultural, Artistic, Political and Economic Rebirth Introduction Renaissance may be a historic period within the European history of roughly three hundred years that extends from 14CE to 17CE. Renaissance means the  rebirth or revival and this era is marked by nice restoration of art , literature and learning in Europe, marking transition between the medieval and latest western Europe.During the time called by this name, Europe emerged from…

10 Important Literary Periods And Movements

History makes literature and literature preserves the history. M. Faseeh Ul Hassan Literary Movements Literary movements  serve as a tool to split literature into classes of different philosophical, aesthetic or topical features, as contrary to divisions by genre or period. Like different categorizations, literary movements give language for examining and discussing literary pieces. The most important and…

Introduction To Literary Movements

What Is the Importance of Literary Movements? Literary movements are the simplest way to divide literature into classes of comparable philosophical, topical, or aesthetic options, as hostile divisions by genre or era. Like different categorizations, literary movements give language for comparison and discussions of literary works. These terms are useful for curricula or anthologies. What Is A Literary Movement? A literary movement could be a general term for items of literature by completely different…