By Muhammad Faseeh ul Hassan

Novel may be a long and fictitious prose narrative during which stress is laid upon the study of character in contradistinction to the romance, during which events are the important element. The term “Novel” springs from the Italian word Novella meaning ‘tale or piece of news’, and now applied to a good sort of writings whose only common attribute is that they’re extended piece of questions.

There are many types of novel in English literature, among some important types are as follows;

Picaresque Novel, It tells about the lifetime of a knave or a picaroon who is that the servant of several masters. Through his experience this picaroon satirizes the society during which he live. The picaresque novel originated within the 16th century Spain, the earliest example being the anonymous Lazaillo de Tormes (1553). the 2 most famous Spanish authors of picaresque novels were Mateo Aleman who wrote Guzman de Alfarache (1599-1604) and Francisco Quevedo who wrote La vida del Buscon (1626). Both books were widely read in Europe. Other novel of this sort included Thomas Nashe‘s The Unfortunate Traveller (1594), Defoe‘s Moll Flanders (1722), Fielding‘s Jonathan Wild (1743) and Smollett‘s Roderick Random (1748).

Epistolary Novel, a completely unique within the sort of letters, although diary entries, newspaper clippings and other documents are sometimes used. Recently, electronic “documents” like recordings and radio, blogs, and e-mails have also inherit use. The word epistolary springs from Latin from the Greek word epistolē, meaning a letter. it had been particularly popular form within the 18th century. Among the more famous examples are the Samuel Richardson‘s Pamela (1740) and Clarissa Harlowe (1748) and Smollett‘s Humphry Clinker (1771). Since the 18th century, the shape has been little employed but it’s commonplace for letters to form up some a part of letter.

Bildungsroman is additionally called as a ‘formation novel’ or literally an ‘upbringing’ or ‘education’ novel . this is often a term widely employed by German critics, it describes a completely unique which is account of the youthful development of the hero or heroine. Famous examples are Goethe‘s Die Liden des jungen Werthers (1774) and his Wilhelm Meisters Lehrjabre (1796); Charles Dickens‘s David Copperfield (1850); Flaubert‘s L’Education Sentimentale (1869); Samuel Butler‘s The Way of All Flesh (1902) and Thomas Mann‘s Buddenbrooks (1900).

Kunstlerroman (Kunstler ‘artist’ + Roman ‘novel’), a novel which shows the event of a artist from childhood to maturity and latter. It’s a category of Bildungsroman, or apprenticeship novel, that deals with the youth and development of a private who becomes—or is on the edge of becoming—a painter, musician, or poet. A classical example in English literature is Joyce’s A Portrait of Artist as a Young Man.

Regional Novel, A regional writer is one who concentrates much attention on a specific area and uses it and therefore the people uses it and the people that inhabit it because the basis for his or her stories. Such a locale is to be regional and/or provincial. The supremely good regional writers were Thomas Hardy , who recreated the West Country in many of his novels and short stories and revived the name Wessex; Arnold Bennett who centered many of his stories on the potteries- ‘the five towns’ ; and William Faulkner whose main focus was the Deep South .

 Non-fiction novel, a touch of writing style which, broadly , depicts real historical figures and actual events woven in conjunction with fictitious conversations and uses the storytelling techniques of fiction. The non-fiction novel is an otherwise loosely defined and versatile genre. The genre is typically mentioned using the slang term “faction”, a portmanteau of the words fact and fiction.

Scholars have suggested that the novel Operación Masacre (1957) by the Argentine author and journalist Rodolfo Walsh was the first non-fiction novel.

Gothic Novel may be a sort of romance, very fashionable late within the 18th century and within the beginning of he 19th century, which has had a substantial influence on the fiction since. Gothic fiction, which is essentially known by the sub-genre of Gothic horror, is a genre or mode of literature and film that mixes fiction and horror, death, and sometimes romance. Its origin is attributed to English author Walpole , together with his 1764 novel The Castle of Otranto, subtitled (in its second edition) “A Gothic Story”. Gothic fiction tends to put emphasis on both emotion and an enjoyable quite terror, serving as an extension of the Romantic literary movement that was relatively new at the time that Walpole’s novel was published.

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