By Muhammad Faseeh ul Hassan

“Literature Is One Of The Most Interesting And Significant Expressions Of Humanity.” -P. T. Barnum

There are so many people in the society who think and believe that literature is simply not important and underestimate its abilities of giving us great knowledge. They mostly give impression that the students which are more inclined towards sciences and mathematics are only going to survive with their careers in their professional life and the students which are having more interest in humanities or arts subjects such as languages and literature or other subjects are going to suffer with the low-paying jobs in their professional life. Generally, this expression is given that literature is insignificant. But according to me, Literature serves as a gateway towards the horizon of learning from the past and broaden my understanding and knowledge about the world.

1. Expanding Thought And Understanding

First and foremost of all, Literature helps us to open our mind and vision about the world and the wide world outside surrounding us and to see at the other side of the wall of understanding and learning. With this we start to think, ask questions and understand better.

2. Develops Critical Thinking Skills

Critical thinking is a skill which is very necessary for understanding and learning things in depth and detail. When we read, we learn to look between the lines. We are taught to find symbols, finding out the themes and making connections. By this we learn to know and realize the hidden meanings and make a conclusion out of it.

3. Glimpse Of The Past

Literature and history are always interconnected with each other. History makes literature and literature preserves the history. When we study literature, we are studying history at the same time and come to know the Heros, people, customs and tradition, lifestyle, fashion and interests of those times. The world of today is nothing like it was in the 14th century, the people have changed largely. Without literature we were not able to know about our history, our families , the people who came before us and walked on the same ground as us.

4. Understanding Others Culture and Beliefs

Reading about history, religion, customs and traditions and anthropology provides us a method and opportunity of learning and understanding the customs and beliefs other than our own. It helps us to know about the other systems of living around the world.

5. Polishes Writing Skills

Reading and understanding literary stuff will help you manifolds in building and improving your writing skills. In order to improve ones writing skill and style, reading is very important. When you open a book and your eyes read the content, do you ask yourself: How did this person imagine and write this? Well, most of the authors, playwrights and poets used literature to expand their writing.

6. Cultivates Wisdom

. We can cultivate wisdom; learn of good and evil; and experience the call to justice. Literature can not in itself make us a better person, but it can assist us in that quest.

By examining literary texts, their stories and their messages, we can increase in our understanding of how to live life. We learn how to discern what is healthy and destructive in the world, and we are challenged with injustice and its consequences. Literature may even challenge us to ask what we will do to help end the problems it pictures.

7. Knowledge Of Human Psyche

Literature is full of human responses and reactions – in poems, essays, diaries, narratives, and in the characters of narratives. As we respond to and analyze these, we can gain a greater knowledge of the human psyche.

8. Helps to Understand Ourselves

By studying literature, we gain a greater knowledge of ourselves and our own responses because we most inevitably compare our lives to those in literature.

As we compare and contrast, not only various authors’ views but also our own views and those of others, we deepen our sense of human reactions and our own self-responses. We have the possibility of becoming deeper, more self-aware people.

9. Source Of Entertainment

At a stage, when one develops a literary taste, literature becomes a greater source of entertainment for those. Reading poems, novels or plays becomes the hobby of people and they enjoy reading in their leisure time.

10. Addressing Humanity

All literature, whether it be poems, essays, novels, or short stories, helps us address human nature and conditions which affect all people. These may be the need for growth, doubts and fears of success and failure, the need for friends and family, the goodness of compassion and empathy, trust, or the realization of imperfection. We learn that imperfection is not always bad and that normal can be boring. We learn that life must be lived to the fullest. We need literature in order to connect with our own humanity.

Literature is important and necessary. It provides growth, strengthens our minds and gives us the ability to think outside the box.

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