By Muhammad Faseeh ul Hassan

What is Romance?

Romance in verse were the works of fiction, or non-historical. Whatever else a romance maybe it is principally a form of entertainment. It may also be didactic but this is usually incidental. It contains the elements of fantasy, improbability, extravagance and naiveté. It also suggests the elements of love, adventure, the marvelous and ‘mythic’. It is usually concerned with characters who live in the courtly world somewhat remote from everyday.

In the strictest academic terms, a romance is a narrative genre in literature that involves a mysterious, adventurous, or spiritual story line where the main target is on a search that involves bravery and strong values, not always a love interest. However, modern definitions of romance also include stories that have a relationship issue because the main focus

In 13th century romance was almost any sort of adventure story, be it chivalry or of love. Gradually more and more romances were written in prose. In medieval romance there were three min cycles: (a) matter of Britain, which included Arthurian mater derived from Breton lays; (b) the matter of Rome, which included stories of Alexander, the Trojan wars and Thebes; (c) the matter of France, most of which was about Charlemagne and his knights.

England produced two great romances in the 14th century; the popular Lay of Havelok The Dane and the aristocratic romance of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight. later came Sir Thomas Malory‘s prose work Le Morte Darthur in the latter half of the 15th century. By this time prose had become increasingly the medium for romance.

 William Wordsworth, P. B. Shelly, Lord Byron, and John Keats are some of the most famous poets and writers of the Romantic period. However, Romances are written since classical English period.

Examples of Romance in Literature

Example #1: Sir Gawain and the Green Knight (Author Unknown)

This 14th century romance, whose writer is still unknown, revolves around the bravery of Sir Gawain, a knight of King Arthur, who accepts the challenge from the Green Knight. Sir Gawain beheads the knight, but the knight goes away reminding him that he would seem again. In this struggle, Gawain shows his true nature of bravery, chivalry, and courage when tested by a woman , as he stays within the castle of that very knight.

Example #2: Pride and Prejudice (By Jane Austen)

Pride and Prejudice may be a romantic novel of manners written by Austen in 1813. The novel follows the character development of Elizabeth Bennet, the dynamic protagonist of the book who learns about the repercussions of hasty judgments and involves appreciate the difference between superficial goodness and actual goodness. Its humor lies in its fair delineation of habits, instruction, marriage, and cash during the Regency time in Great Britain.  Although it is not a perfect example of a medieval romance, it is considered a good example of a romantic novel.

Example #3: Fifty Shades of Grey (By E. L. James)

Fifty Shades of  Grey is a erotic romance novel by British author E. L. James. It became the first installment in the Fifty Shades novel series that follows the deepening relationship between a college graduate, Anastasia Steele, and a young business magnate, Christian Grey. The story then depicts scenes of their erotic love, comprising elements of discipline, dominance, submission, masochism, and sadism. Despite ups and downs in their relations, they finally part, reviewing incompatibility in their love, but depicting several elements of modern love and modern chivalry.

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