By Muhammad Faseeh ul Hassan

Novel is a long and fictitious prose narrative in which stress is laid upon the study of character in contradistinction to the romance, in which events are the important element. The term “Novel” is derived from the Italian word Novella meaning ‘tale or piece of news’, and now applied to a wide variety of writings whose only common attribute is that they are extended piece of questions.

The length of the novels varies greatly and there has been much debate on how long a novel is or should be- to the Reductio ad absurdum of when is a novel not a novel or a long short-story or a short novel novella. In contemporary practice, a novel will be between 60,000-70,000 words and ,say, 200,000.

Plot and its Importance in Novel

Plot is the plan, design, scheme or pattern of events in a play, poem or work of fiction; and, further, the organization of incidents and characters in such a way to induce curiosity or suspense in the spectator or reader. In fact, it is very difficult to write a story without there being some sort of plot, however vague and tenuous. So well developed is the average reader’s need for a plot (at its simplest the desire to know what is going to happen next) hat the reader will look for and find a plot where, perhaps, none is meant . Moreover, as soon as the reader is sufficiently interested in one or more of the characters to want to know what is going to happen to them next and ask why, when and where.— Then there is plot.

As Henry James pointed out;

What is character but the determination of incident? What is incident but the illustration of character?

Henry James

Types of Novel

There are many types of novels. They include mysteries, thrillers, suspense, detective, fantasy , romantic, historical, realist or maybe postmodern. Some of the important types are explained as follows.

Mystery, a genre of fiction usually involving a mysterious death or a criminal offense to be solved. Often with a closed circle of suspects, each suspect is typically given a reputable motive and an inexpensive opportunity for committing the crime. The focal character will frequently be a criminologist (like Sherlock Holmes and his associate John H. Watson) who inevitably unravels the puzzle by legitimate conclusion from realities introduced to the peruser.

Thriller is a tense, exciting, and sometimes sensational type of novel or play; usually an ingeniously plotted story in which the action is the swift and the suspense continuous. In novel form it often contains the elements of detective story the whodunit and the spy story. In the last century it has become a specialized kind of entertainment of which there have been (and still are) many able professional practitioners.

Science Fiction, The widest possible definition to the term SF would be to say that it deals wholly or in part with exotic, supernatural or speculative topics, for example, predicts or supposes technologies that aren’t realities at the time of the work’s creation: Jules Verne’s novel From The Earth To The Moon was published in 1865 and only in 1969 did astronaut Armstrong first land on the moon.

Historical novel  is a type of fictional account which remakes history and reproduces it creatively. Both historical and fictional characters may show up. Though writing fiction, the good historical novelist researches his chosen period thoroughly and strives for verisimilitude. The supreme example of the historical novelists in English literature is Sir Walter Scott.

Romantic comedy is somewhat vague term which donates a form of novel or play in which love is the main theme — and love which leads to a happy ending, as in the Shakespeare’s A Midsummer Night’s Dream, As You Like It and Twelfth Night.

Some Famous English Novels

1. Great Expectations by Charles Dickens

Great Expectations is the thirteenth novel by Dickens and his penultimate finished novel, which delineates the training of a vagrant nicknamed Pip. The novel is about in Kent and London within the early to mid-19th century and contains a number of Dickens’s most celebrated scenes, starting during a graveyard, where the youthful Pip is hailed by the got away  convict Abel Magwitch. Great Expectations is filled with extreme imagery – poverty, prison ships and chains, and fights to the death – and features a colorful cast of characters who have entered popular culture.

2. Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen

Pride and Prejudice is a romantic novel of manners written by Austen in 1813. The novel follows the character development of Elizabeth Bennet, the dynamic protagonist of the book who learns about the repercussions of hasty judgments and involves appreciate the difference between superficial goodness and actual goodness.Its humor lies in its fair portrayal of habits, training, marriage, and cash during the Regency time in Great Britain. Although it is not a perfect example of a medieval romance, it is considered a good example of a romantic novel.

3. 1984 by George Orwell

Nineteen Eighty-Four: a completely unique , often published as 1984, may be a dystopian novel by English novelist Orwell . The story happens in an envisioned future, the year 1984, when a significant part of the planet has succumbed to unending war, ubiquitous government reconnaissance, chronicled negationism, and promulgation.Great Britain, referred to as Airstrip One, has become a province of a superstate named Oceania that’s ruled by the Party who employ the Thought Police to persecute individuality and independent thinking. Nineteen Eighty-Four has become an exemplary scholarly case of political and tragic fiction. Time mentioned  it for its 100 best English-language books from 1923 to 2005.

4. The Old Man and the Sea by Ernest Hemingway

The Old Man and the Sea is a tour de force of Hemingway which won Noble Prize for Literature for him. A model of the realistic novel, the Old Man and therefore the Sea presents the story of an old man who is just too fragile to fish alone within the Gulf Stream near the Cuban capital of Havana. However, he hooks a truly huge marlin which tests his mettle for almost three days. Although he kills the marlin by the end, he loses it to sharks. His extraordinary battle and perseverance win him awards from the perusers.

5. Lord of The Rings by  J. R. R. Tolkien

The Lord of the Rings is an epic high-dream novel composed by English creator and researcher J. R. R. Tolkien. The story started as a continuation of Tolkien’s 1937 dream novel The Hobbit, however in the long run formed into an a lot bigger work. The Lord of the Rings is a standout amongst other selling books composed, with more than 150 million copies sold.

Function of Novel

A novel presents an entire picture when contrasted with a short story which shows just a single part of life, or one side of the story. It likewise shows a tremendous display to its perusers to see the story through an age where it is introduced, for example, The Tale of Two Cities has been composed during the occasions when France and England were experiencing a ton of changes. Correspondingly, a novel likewise presents a contention and its goal. For each author, a novel is a solid apparatus to introduce the philosophical, chronicled, social, cultural and moral viewpoints.

Novels are to love as fairy-tales to dreams.

S.T.Coleridge

Follow us on Social Media

2 Replies to “What is Novel in English Literature”

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *